MCL Tear Symptoms (And What To Do About Them)
A torn MCL is a fairly common sports injury. It can occur when someone quickly changes direction or twists the knee while running. Also, landing incorrectly while jumping may twist the knee, thus causing an MCL tear. Physical contact may also be to cgsmthood.com: () Mar 13, · If your knee joint feels flimsy and has excessive laxity or is allowed to open further than normal, the MCL is torn or if you have an MCL sprain. Your doctor will likely perform an MCL tear test called the valgus stress test.
Ligament injuries account for 40 percent of injuries to the knee, and strains or tears of the medial collateral ligament MCL are the most common. While some symptoms occur immediately after injuring the MCL, such as swelling and it, others may appear or get worse in the days following the injury, such as bruising.
MCL injuries are acute and therefore typically not related to progressive knee conditions, such as osteoarthritis. Most people are able to pinpoint when and how the injury occurred. Most MCL sprains and tears heal within a short time, ranging from a few days to a few months.
A small group of people may experience a chronic MCL injury, which means tdll the symptoms persist for 3 months or more following treatment. People with MCL injuries may also present with damage to other structures in the knee, such as the anterior cruciate ligament ACL or meniscus.
These other injuries may cause how to check passport number online in india symptoms, such as difficulty straightening the knee. ACL Tear Symptoms. Symptoms of Knee Hyperextension. Soft Tissue of the Knee Joint. Detailed Knee Sprain Symptoms. Guide to Knee Joint Anatomy. You are here Sports Injuries Knee Injuries. By William Mook, MD. Troe Reviewed. Immediate sharp pain from the inner section of the knee.
Immediate swelling at the inner knee. Swelling may increase and spread to the actual knee joint 1 or 2 days following injury. Tenderness around the inner knee. This area may be painful to the touch. Increased pain a few hours after the injury. Bruising around the kneeespecially around the location of the MCL inner knee. Noticeable looseness in the knee. A person may be able to feel looseness you the inner knee when walking. The knee may feel as if it has a greater range of motion than normal.
Knee stiffness may make walking, sitting down, rising from a chair or climbing stairs difficult. A person may have trouble bending or straightening the knee. Feeling of knee how to inform police of drug dealer may be particularly noticeable during activities that strain the knee, such as going down stairs or pivoting on one leg.
The knee may feel as if it is about to give out. Instability is usually associated with more severe MCL tears. Pain when bearing weightsuch as when walking, sitting down, or rising from a chair. Medial collateral ligament injuries of the knee: current treatment concepts.
Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med. Bollen S. Epidemiology of knee injuries: diagnosis and triage. Br J Sports Med. Editor's Top Picks. Health Information Sponsored.
If You Suspect an MCL Tear, Seek Care from Dr. Soffer
The MCL tear symptoms tend to correlate with the grade of the injury, on a scale of I to III. Grade I MCL Tear Symptoms: This grade refers to an incomplete tear of the ligament. In these cases, the tendon is still in continuity and the symptoms reported tend to be mild. Bruising around the knee, especially around the location of the MCL (inner knee). Noticeable looseness in the knee. A person may be able to feel looseness around the inner knee when walking. The knee may feel as if it has a greater range of motion than normal. Mar 07, · Your doctor can often tell if you have an MCL injury by examining your knee. During the examination, your doctor will bend your knee and put pressure on the outside of it. They’ll be able to tell.
Find out which possible conditions you may be suffering from by trying our 2-min Guided Pain Assessment Form! Navigating your everyday environment requires a coordinated effort from many parts of your body. For example, our bones, muscles, and joints work together to enable us to walk, run, and perform just about any activity.
More specifically, our tendons attach muscles to bones, while our ligaments connect bones to other bones, especially in the joints. In fact, ligaments play an essential role in stabilizing the body. As you can see, with each step, the knee needs to bend somewhat. Walking with a flexed knee is awkward and applies added pressure to the hips. As you walked, you probably noticed that your knee joint remained stable.
Of course, a torn MCL or other knee injuries can seriously alter how you get around. Did you know that the knee joint is the largest joint in the body? It consists of just three bones—the femur thigh bone , tibia shin bone , and the patella kneecap. Your knee joint acts as a hinge, powered by the hamstrings and quadriceps. It allows you to walk, squat, jump, sit, and stand. The quadriceps tendon attaches these muscles to the kneecap. On the inside of the joint, an inner membrane secretes fluid to lubricate the joint.
The outer layer of the joint is supported by a series of ligaments. Each ligament has specific functions to support the knee joint. The medial collateral ligament runs down the inner part of the knee.
It connects the bottom of the thigh bone to the top of the shinbone. This thick, wide band of tissue prevents the leg from extending too far inward. It also assists with knee stability and rotation. A torn MCL is a fairly common sports injury. It can occur when someone quickly changes direction or twists the knee while running. Also, landing incorrectly while jumping may twist the knee, thus causing an MCL tear. Physical contact may also be to blame.
If someone is hit on the outside of the knee, for instance, the force may stretch or tear the MCL. As you can imagine, sports that involve excessive physical contact or added pressure on the knee increase the risk of a torn MCL. These high-risk activities include football, soccer, basketball, hockey, tennis, and skiing.
In fact, about 60 percent of skiing knee injuries involve the MCL. Not necessarily. Traumas like violent attacks or car accidents may also affect the MCL. Anyone who lands wrongly on the knee may also suffer an MCL injury. Now that you know a little more about the knee and the causes of a torn MCL, you are probably wondering if this is the cause of your knee pain. This sensation is one tell-tale sign of a torn MCL.
Check out the next section to learn about the other symptoms. This is especially true when you land improperly or experience a collision where the knee is forced inward.
MCL pain location and swelling occur around the inside part of the knee. Swelling can be accompanied by stiffness and tenderness. Can you still walk with a torn MCL? Some individuals may be able to walk. The knee, however, can feel unstable. You may feel like the knee will lock up or buckle while trying to walk.
Also, applying weight on the knee can become very painful. This may make the tear even worse. Have the area checked out by a doctor right away. A proper diagnosis can determine which ligaments were affected and the most appropriate treatment options for you. If you are dealing with any of the symptoms mentioned above, seek medical attention as soon as possible. Your doctor will gather information about your symptoms and how the injury occurred.
Also, your doctor will review your medical history and any previous knee injuries. A physical exam and possible diagnostic imaging can determine the severity of your MCL tear. Doctors also tend to use X-rays or MRIs to obtain a better look at the knee joint.
Once your torn MCL is diagnosed, you may be referred to an orthopedic doctor. Since the MCL has the advantage of a good blood supply, it usually responds well to nonsurgical treatments. The healing process, however, may take some time and effort. The focus of treatment is to reduce pain and inflammation. Also, the knee may need to be immobilized while it heals. After your injury, you will need to rest, ice, and elevate the knee.
Sometimes a lightweight cast or MCL brace that restricts side-to-side movement may be recommended. More severe injuries may also require the use of crutches. Once the swelling and pain go away, you may be referred to a physical therapist for rehabilitation. The goals of physical therapy for a torn MCL include restoring strength and range of motion in the knee.
Your physical therapist will work with you to develop an individualized exercise routine based on your specific needs. When can you expect to return to doing what you love? It depends on the grade of your injury. Here are some general timelines:. Luckily, a torn MCL rarely needs surgery. If other ligaments of the knee are also affected, surgery may be necessary for a full recovery.
Also, a grade 3 torn MCL at the thigh bone or shin bone may require the ligament to be reattached with stitches. A knee injury can severely limit how you live your life. Each step can become a painful reminder that something is not right in your knee. We believe—for most injuries—conservative treatments should be considered before opting for surgery. Our goal is to empower you with the knowledge to make treatment decisions based on your needs and preferences.
If your knee injury requires surgery, our surgeons have decades of experience treating a variety of orthopedic conditions. Using the latest technologies and techniques, we ensure you get back to doing what you love as quickly as possible. Effective pain relief; less scarring— a postage stamp-sized incision less than an inch in length is often all that it takes to eliminate your pain.
Our minimally invasive and outpatient procedures will have you back in the comfort of your home on the very same day. Our surgeons use advanced video-assisted technology to optimize the effectiveness of your procedure while minimizing post-operative pain. Begin Pain Assessment. Our Partners. Details Symptoms Treatments. Try this: Walk around for a few seconds. Now, walk without moving your knees. Understanding the Knee Did you know that the knee joint is the largest joint in the body? As you already know, something needs to hold these bones and muscles together.
Anterior cruciate ligament ACL : Prevents forward movement of the shin bone. Lateral collateral ligament LCL : Keeps the outer part of the knee stable. A posterior cruciate ligament PCL : Prevents backward shifting of the knee. Medial collateral ligament MCL : Keeps the inner knee stable The medial collateral ligament runs down the inner part of the knee.
So only athletes get an MCL injury? Find your condition with our 2-minute Condition Checker. Check Your Condition Now! Diagnosing a Torn MCL If you are dealing with any of the symptoms mentioned above, seek medical attention as soon as possible. Minor pain with some tenderness inside the knee. Grade 2 : Partial tearing of the MCL.
Moderate to severe pain in the knee during the examination. Looseness in the knee is easily detectable. Grade 3 : A complete tear of the MCL. Considerable pain with swelling and joint instability. May involve injuries to other knee ligaments.