Cetirizine: 7 things you should know
Dec 02, · Cetirizine is an antihistamine that reduces the natural chemical histamine in the body. Histamine can produce symptoms of sneezing, itching, watery eyes, and runny nose. It is used to treat cold or allergy symptoms such as sneezing, itching, watery eyes, or runny nose. Cetirizine is also used to treat itching and swelling caused by cgsmthood.com class: H1 antagonist. What Conditions does CETIRIZINE HCL Treat? inflammation of the nose due to an allergy. non-seasonal allergic stuffy and runny nose. seasonal runny nose.
Medically reviewed by Carmen Fookes, BPharm. Last updated on April 8, If you are between the ages of 18 and 60, take no other medication or have no other medical conditions, side effects you are more likely to experience include:. Note: In general, seniors or children, people with certain medical conditions such as liver or kidney problems, heart disease, diabetes, seizures or people who take other medications are more at risk of developing a wider range of side effects.
View complete list of side effects. Cetirizine is an antihistamine that effectively treats allergic-type reactions such as hay fever or skin reactions caused by insect bites.
Although drowsiness with cetirizine is uncommon, cetirizine is more likely than loratadine to cause drowsiness. Medicines that interact with cetirizine may either decrease its effect, affect how long it works for, increase side effects, or have less of an effect when taken with cetirizine. An interaction between two medications does not always mean that you must stop taking one of the medications; however, sometimes it does.
Speak to your doctor about how drug interactions should be managed. Note that this list is not all-inclusive and includes only common medications that may interact with cetirizine. You should refer to the prescribing information for cetirizine for a complete list of interactions. Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use cetirizine only for the indication prescribed.
Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. Patient Tips cetirizine Print Save. How it works Cetirizine is an antihistamine that works selectively on peripheral histamine-1 H-1 receptors these are histamine receptors that are located outside of the brain and spinal cord.
Because it acts on peripheral histamine receptors, cetirizine is much less likely to cause drowsiness compared with some older antihistamines.
Histamine is a chemical that is released by mast cells in response to an allergen, and it is responsible for many of the symptoms of an allergic reaction, such as swelling of the mucous membranes, sneezing, and itching. Cetirizine binds to histamine receptors and prevents histamine from having an effect at those receptors, which reduces the symptoms of an allergic reaction.
Cetirizine belongs to the group of drugs known as antihistamines. Cetirizine may also be called an H1-antihistamine, a second generation antihistamine, or a nonsedating what is cetirizine hydrochloride used to treat. Upsides Used to treat allergic-type reactions due to perennial or seasonal allergic rhinitis hay fever. Effective at controlling symptoms such as sneezing, itching, watery eyes, and runny nose that occur as a result of other respiratory allergens.
Can provide relief from itching that occurs as a result of chronic urticaria hives. Symptoms of hives include raised, red, itchy bumps, streaks, or blotches on the skin. May be used in the treatment of allergic conjunctivitis, insect bites, and other allergic skin disorders.
Is less likely to cause sedation than older antihistamines. Can be taken once a day. May be given daily on a regular basis when allergens are most prevalent such as during spring or summer. Cetirizine has been demonstrated to be safe in children older than 6 months. No dosage adjustment is required in liver disease. An intravenous formulation is available called Quzyttir Available over-the-counter.
Generic cetirizine is available. Downsides If you are between the ages of 18 and 60, take no other medication or have no other medical conditions, side effects you are more likely to experience include: A headache, sore throat, abdominal pain, fatigue, drowsiness, or coughing.
Other side effects are uncommon. Generally does not cause drowsiness, although more likely to do so at higher dosages. Caution should be exercised before driving or operating machinery until the full effects of cetirizine are known. The dosage of cetirizine should be reduced how to get rid of underarm smell on clothes kidney disease and caution should be exercised when cetirizine is used in people with seizure disorders.
Cetirizine, like all other antihistamines, may decrease the response to skin prick tests. Discontinue cetirizine at least 72 hours prior to skin testing. View complete list of side effects 4. Bottom Line Cetirizine is an antihistamine that effectively treats allergic-type reactions such as hay fever or skin reactions caused by insect bites.
Tips May be taken with or without food. Cetirizine is usually taken once a day. During the pollen season, your doctor may advise you to take it every day if you suffer from seasonal allergic rhinitis.
Although cetirizine is unlikely to make you drowsy, some people are susceptible to this effect, especially if they are taking dosages at the upper how to create a bootable windows xp cd of the recommended dosage range.
Do not drive or operate machinery if cetirizine makes you drowsy. Alcohol and other sedative-like drugs may cause additional reductions in alertness if used with cetirizine. Seek urgent medical advice if you have hives and develop swelling of the face, throat, or tongue, dizziness, drooling, difficulty speaking, or shortness of breath. Cetirizine is not a substitute for epinephrine which is used for the treatment of severe allergies and anaphylaxis. Cetirizine is available as a suspension for adults and children who have difficulty swallowing tablets.
See your doctor what role does atp play in photosynthesis your mild allergy symptoms have not improved after three days of treatment with cetirizine, or if your hives persist for more than six weeks despite taking cetirizine.
Discontinue cetirizine once your allergy symptoms have resolved. Do not take cetirizine during pregnancy or while breastfeeding unless on the advice of your doctor.
Response and Effectiveness Peak concentrations are reached within one hour of administration of cetirizine tablets or syrup. Effects persist for at least 24 hours following a single dose of cetirizine. No tolerance has been found to cetirizine's antihistaminic effect. Once discontinued, the skin recovers its normal reactivity to histamine within three days.
Taking 10mg of cetirizine is more effective than taking 5mg; taking 20mg appears not to provide any additional effect. Food has no effect on the overall what is cetirizine hydrochloride used to treat of cetirizine; however, it may increase the time it takes for peak levels of cetirizine to be reached in the blood.
Interactions Medicines that interact with cetirizine may either decrease its effect, affect how long it works for, increase side effects, or have less of an effect when taken with cetirizine.
Common medications that may interact with cetirizine include: anticonvulsants, such as fosphenytoin, lamotrigine, levetiracetam, phenytoin, or valproic acid antidepressants, such as clomipramine, escitalopram, or fluvoxamine antipsychotics, such as aripiprazole, chlorpromazine, or clozapine baclofen barbituates, such as butabarbital benzodiazepines, such as diazepam or temazepam benztropine bupropion buspirone cannabis and cannabinoids clonidine HIV medications such as darunavir, lopinavir, ritonavir, or saquinavir duloxetine ketamine lithium monoamine oxidase antidepressants, such as phenelzine, isocarboxazid mumps skin test antigen opioids, such as codeine, fentanyl, hydrocodone other antihistamines, such as azatadine, azelastine, or brompheniramine sleeping medications, such as zolpidem St John's wort topiramate voriconazole.
What is cetirizine?
Jul 09, · Cetirizine may help relieve allergy symptoms, but it doesn’t prevent them. When you come in contact with substances that you may be allergic to (allergens), your body produces a Author: Rachel Nall, MSN, CRNA. Cetirizineis an antihistamineused to relieve allergy symptomssuch as watery eyes, runny nose, itchingeyes/nose, sneezing, hives, and itching. Cetirizine Hydrochloride is a synthetic phenylmethyl-piperazinyl derivative, antihistaminic Cetirizine is a metabolite of hydroxyzine and a selective peripheral histamine H1-receptor antagonist. It is used for symptomatic treatment of seasonal and perennial allergic rhinitis and for chronic urticaria.
See also Antihistamines. A mild bronchod-ilator that protects against histmine-in-duced bronchospasm; negligible anticholinergic and sedative activity. Rapidly absorbed after PO administration; however, food delays the time to peak serum levels but does not decrease the total amount of drug absorbed.
Poorly penetrates the CNS, but high levels are distributed to the skin. Uses: Relief of symptoms associated with seasonal allergic rhinitis due to ragweed, grass, and tree pollens; perennial allergic rhinitis due to allergens such as dust mites, animal dander, and molds. Chronic idiopathic urticaria. Contraindications: Lactation. In those hypersensitive to hydroxyzine. Special Concerns: Due to the possibility of sedation, use with caution in situations requiring mental alertness.
Safety and efficacy have not been determined in children less than 12 years of age. Side Effects: See Antihistamines. The most common side effects are somnolence, dry mouth, fatigue, pharyngitis, and dizziness. How Supplied: Tablets: 5 mg, 10 mg. Seasonal or perennial allergic rhinitis, chronic urticaria. Adults and children over 6 years of age, initial: Depending on the severity of the symptoms, 5 or 10 mg most common initial dose once daily.
Continue reading here: Classification Antiviral drug. Vertigo Treatment Remedies current. Vertigo and Dizziness Program. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Solution. Responses carola saijonmaa Is cetirizine good for vertigo?