How to know if your blood sugar levels are healthy
Mar 22, · Fasting blood sugar levels give vital clues about how a person’s body is managing blood sugar. Blood sugar tends to peak about an hour after eating and Estimated Reading Time: 7 mins. Normal fasting blood sugar levels are considered fasting blood sugar levels between 80 mg/dl and mg/dl. However, nowadays, this normal range is changed due to different reference ranges of laboratories use. These figures come out when you measure your blood sugar level in the morning after have been fasting for at least 8 hours.
Subscriber Account what do you value most in life since. If you have diabetesdaily management of your blood sugar levels is important to feeling your best and preventing long-term health complications.
Blood sugar can also be an important measurement to determine your risk for diabetes. For example, those with prediabetes will have their blood sugar tested at least annuallyas abnormal blood sugar levels can indicate you may be likely to develop type 2 diabetes. Here's what you need to know about how blood sugar is measured, what's considered normal, and how to regulate blood sugar if it's too high or low.
When you eat carbohydrates, your body breaks down those carbs into glucose. This becomes your body's main source of energy, and fuels the vital functions in your brain, heart, liver, and muscles, says Nestoras MathioudakisMD, a diabetes expert at Johns Hopkins Medicine. For people without diabetes, the pancreas releases insulin to help your cells absorb glucose and fuel your body. But for people with diabetes, the body does not produce insulin or it doesn't work properly, and as a result, blood sugar levels must be carefully regulated to prevent health complications.
Type 1 diabetics, along with some type 2 diabetics, who require insulin medication, must check their blood sugar at least four times per day, says Mathioudakis.
Typically, this should be done before a meal, one to two hours after a meal, and at bedtime. The timing of these measurements can help determine how much insulin to use. For example, it can be important to use more insulin after a high-sugar meal, or to avoid falling into hypoglycemia while you're sleeping.
To check your blood sugar at home, you should use blood glucose tests, such as a glucose meter or continuous glucose monitor CGM. If you don't have diabetes, but you may be at risk, your doctor might have you take an A1C test during a yearly check-up. This test reports results as a percentage; the higher the percentage, the higher your blood sugar has been in the past three months.
Those with diabetes should get an A1C test at least twice a year — and sometimes every three months. The following chart depicts normal blood sugar measurements, depending on which test you use and when you take it. Overall, what is considered a normal blood sugar level can look different depending on someone's age, weight, gender, and other factors.
However, what is chainage in surveying same study finds that pre-diabetic symptoms like impaired fasting glucose is more common among men. Normal blood sugar levels also increase as you age. So, talk with your doctor about what normal blood sugar is for you in order to best manage your health. Most of the time, you'll be able to regulate your blood sugar on your own if it's too high or low. Symptoms can include:.
To lower blood sugar, you'd want to use more insulin medication to help your cells absorb glucose. Common signs may include:. If you need to raise your blood sugar, you should eat a glucose tablet or drink something sugary, such as fruit juice.
Mathioudakis says that those with a family history of diabetes — and who show high fasting glucose — should talk with their doctor about how to regulate blood sugar levels. Insider logo The word "Insider". Close icon Two crossed lines that form an 'X'. It indicates a way to close an interaction, or dismiss a notification.
World globe An icon of the world globe, indicating different international options. A leading-edge research firm focused on digital transformation. Redeem your free audiobook. Women's Health.
Primary Care. Mental Health. More Button Icon Circle with three vertical dots. It indicates a way to see more nav menu items inside the site menu by triggering the side menu to open and close. MK Manoylov. It indicates that the relevant content has been reviewed and verified by an expert Our stories are reviewed by medical professionals to ensure you get the most accurate and useful information about your health and wellness.
For more information, visit our medical review board. Twitter icon A stylized bird with an open mouth, tweeting. Twitter Snapchat icon A ghost. Snapchat Fliboard icon A stylized letter F. Flipboard Pinterest icon The letter "P" styled to look like a thumbtack pin. Pinterest Link icon An image of a chain link. It symobilizes a website link url. Copy Link. It's important to know what a normal blood sugar is if you have diabetes, or if you may be at risk.
This article was medically reviewed by Jason R. This story is part of Insider's guide to Diabetes. Was this what planets have solid surfaces helpful for you? Additional comments. Email optional. Receive a selection of our best stories daily based on your reading preferences.
Diabetes blood sugar.
Achieving Normal Fasting Glucose Level
Aug 27, · The normal ranges for blood sugar levels in adults who do not have diabetes before eating or fasting the range begins at mg/dL while fasting ranges for those being treated for type 1 or type 2 diabetes range from 80 mg/dL. Jan 13, · The answer to the question what is a normal blood sugar level is as follows: Fasting normal blood sugar Normal for person without diabetes: 70–99 mg/dl (– mmol/L) Official ADA recommendation for someone with diabetes: 80– mg/dl (– mmol/L) Normal blood sugar 2 hours after meals Normal for person without diabetes: Less than Author: Amy Campbell, MS, RD, LDN, CDE. Oct 29, · This simple chart shows target blood sugar levels for adults before and after meals, after fasting, before exercise, and at bedtime, as well as an A1c cgsmthood.comted Reading Time: 1 min.
HbA1c Normal for person without diabetes: Less than 5. Source: American Diabetes Association. Unfortunately, though, not everyone is given glucose goals. Blood glucose, or sugar, is sugar that is in your blood easy enough! It comes from the food that you eat — foods that contain carbohydrate , such as bread, pasta and fruit are the main contributors to blood glucose. The cells in our bodies need glucose for energy — and we all need energy to move, think, learn and breathe.
The brain, which is the command center, uses about half of all the energy from glucose in the body. When we eat food, the pancreas an organ that sits between the stomach and the spine goes to work, releasing enzymes that help to break down food and hormones that help the body handle the influx of glucose.
One of these hormones is insulin , and it plays a key role in managing glucose levels in the blood. And here is where things can go wrong. Another scenario is that the pancreas makes enough insulin but the cells have trouble using it properly, causing blood glucose levels to rise. This is called insulin resistance and is the hallmark of type 2 diabetes.
In the short term, high blood glucose levels can make you feel downright bad. Thirst, frequent trips to the bathroom, fatigue and weight loss are all symptoms of high blood glucose hyperglycemia. If not treated, more serious issues can occur, such as diabetic ketoacidosis.
Chronic high blood glucose levels can lead to complications such as heart , kidney and eye disease , as well as nerve damage. The best way to know your blood glucose level is to check it with a glucose meter. This means doing a fingerstick with a lancet and getting a drop of blood onto a test strip, then inserting the strip into the meter for a reading.
Another way to know what your glucose levels are up to is to use a continuous glucose monitor, or CGM , which reads glucose in the interstitial fluid the fluid between cells about every 5 minutes. Continuous glucose monitoring is expensive and may or may not be covered by your health plan. But what does it mean when you see a 67, or on your meter? Great questions! By the way, these guidelines are for non-pregnant adults with type 1 or type 2 diabetes. Children, adolescents and pregnant women may have different goals.
Your blood glucose goals may be different, however. Consider keeping a log of your glucose levels. You can use good old-fashioned pencil and paper, a spreadsheet, a logbook or a smartphone app to track your levels. By doing so, you can spot trends for example, your fasting blood glucose levels are consistently above target or you tend to go low every afternoon around 4pm. Your numbers are information for both you and your health-care team to learn how your diabetes treatment plan medication, food intake , physical activity are working for you.
Bring your logs or, at least, your meter to all of your regular provider visits and make sure your provider looks at your numbers. Not every blood sugar that you check needs to be at target, but the closer you keep them within your target range, the lower the chance of complications.
And the more often you check your blood glucose, the more information you have at your fingertips literally to do a course correction, if needed. Halloween is nearly here, and while the kids may be munching on loads of sugar and chocolate, you can be enjoying your own Halloween treats that just happen to be a little healthier for you. Check out these healthy Halloween foods….
For those who suffer from allergies, fall can mean misery from runny noses, sneezing and more. Learn about foods that fight seasonal allergies….
Interested in lowering your blood pressure naturally? In addition to taking your medicines, see if any of these steps may help you more easily achieve your goal…. Learn More. Sign up for Free.
Skip to content Advertisement. Share This:. What is a normal blood sugar level? Originally Published January 13, The latest delivered straight to your inbox Learn More. Get the latest diabetes news and a free gift! Save Your Favorites. Sign Up Already have an account? Log in. Save This Article.