Resource market. The market in a nation’s circular flow in which households provide firms with the factors of production (land, labor and capital) in exchange for money incomes (rent, wages and interest). Firms are the buyers, households are the sellers in the resource market. Term resource market Definition: A market used to exchange the services of resources labor, capital, and natural resources. The value of services exchanged through resource markets each year is measured as national income. Compare financial market, product market.
A resource market allows parties to exchange goods or services to produce products. The most common markets include those that exchange natural resources, labor, financial services, or capital. A review of these markets typically falls under macroeconomics. Nations will review the information gleaned from each resource market to determine the current strength of the economy.
The data gleaned also helps rdsource make decisions that will lead to higher production output and the ability to meet current demand for products. Each resource market plays a role in the circular economcs of economic transactions.
The resource market allows businesses to produce goods that enter the product market. Households then use the economivs products as part of their standard of living. The tesource market is then refilled by economcs who place money into savings accounts at banks and individuals looking for jobs. Defining each resource market by the goods in them allows what type of government did the sumerians have the ability to accurately exonomics the flow of economicx.
Natural resources include land, timber, fisheries, quarries, and similar items. Not all companies use these goods for production. Manufacturers harvest these resources and transform them into intermediate goods used by other firms. For example, a lumber manufacturer will harvest timber, making the wood pieces used by construction companies. Labor markets are a sources of use by almost all companies.
Two groups are in this resource market: skilled and unskilled. Skilled laborers represent individuals with specific skills that companies will pay high prices to procure.
Accountants, engineers, actuaries, and computer technicians are a few examples of skilled labor. Unskilled labor includes individuals with few technical skills; these individual often work at jobs with repetitive economicx. Financial services and capital resource markets include all companies that work with money.
These include banks, investment firms, and lenders. Companies often need the services of these firms in order to produce goods and services. The use of outside capital allows a firm to increase its business operations quicker than waiting for operational profits.
Growth allows for the increase in production and ability to meet more consumer demand. The increasing use of global resource how to tell when compost is ready allows firms to use resources from international firms. This can lower operating costs by procuring cheaper intermediate goods or labor.
Though this can result in higher profits, detractors to these markets include lower product quality and the possibility of losing customers who do not prefer outsourced products. Please enter the following code:. Login: Forgot password?
Definition: A resource market is a place, either physical or virtual, where materials, assets and other elements are exchanged between parties. In other words, supply and demand interact with each other to trade different kinds of items. Aug 04, · A resource market is a place where resources are exchanged and is not limited to money only as labor and raw materials such as steel can be exchanged. Another example can be seen in value-added agriculture where farms add additional services that are valuable to other businesses or companies in order to trade resources.
The demand for resources is derived from the demand for products and services, since most resources in their native form have little benefit. Businesses buy resources from households, who are the direct or indirect owners of land, labor, capital, and entrepreneurial resources, to produce the products and services that society desires. This is part of the circular flow model where businesses supply products that households demand and where businesses demand resources that households supply.
Goods and services can only be produced by using the factors of production , which are broadly characterized as land, real capital, and labor. Sometimes, entrepreneurship is listed separately from labor because of its importance in developing the businesses that transform the factors of production into goods and services. Land includes not only space but also the natural resources, such as minerals, and products derived from land, such as agricultural products.
Real capital is the goods and services used to produce other goods and services, such as the production of machinery for product manufacturing. Therefore, the demand for a particular product or service influences the demand for the resources required to produce that product or service. Industrialized countries and developing countries differ in the primary types of resources demanded.
In developing countries with many poor people, income is mostly spent on food and clothing, so much of the resource demand in developing countries is for agricultural products. In advanced economies, manufactured goods and services constitute a much larger part of the market; therefore, more resources are used to produce real capital, which, in turn, is used to produce a wide variety of products and services available in advanced economies. The factors of production are allocated in the same way that products and services are allocated — through pricing.
The greater the demand , the higher the price, and vice versa. When demand is high, only those firms willing to pay the price will get the resources, and they will only be able to afford the resources by producing profitable products or services that consumers are willing to pay higher prices for. Hence, efficient allocation of resources is determined by the efficient allocation of products and services to the consumer.
Resource pricing determines the amount of money households receive as wages , rent, interest, or profit. Because most people are not wealthy, most people can only supply labor in exchange for wages.
Businesses strive to reduce their costs, so they try to obtain the resources at minimum cost or they try to find substitutes to keep their average total costs low so that they can either earn higher profits or just remain competitive.
So, for instance, the demand for computer programmers can often be satisfied by hiring in India or China, since their labor is much cheaper and the product that they create can easily be transferred electronically.
The demand for any given resource depends on the competition between various industries that require the resource for their products and services.
Within each industry, the resource demand is also affected by the demand of individual firms, which depends on their share of the market in producing those products and services requiring the particular resource. Resource demand depends on the productivity of the resource in creating the good and also on the market value of the good produced. The production function relates the quantity of inputs used to produce a good to the quantity of output of that good. However, for a firm with fixed assets , the production function increases more slowly as the quantity of inputs increases.
Marginal product MP is the additional output that results when using an additional resource unit. When variable resources are applied to fixed resources or fixed assets, the marginal product diminishes as more additional resources are added, which is called, naturally enough, the principle of diminishing marginal product. Marginal revenue product MRP is the change in total revenue that results from each additional unit of resource.
Therefore, marginal revenue product equals the change in total revenue divided by the unit change in resource quantity. Because of diminishing marginal product, marginal revenue product declines with increasing output. Similarly, resources also have a marginal revenue cost MRC , equal to the change in total resource cost divided by the unit change in resource quantity.
A firm maximizes its profits by continually adding resources as long as the marginal revenue product exceeds or equal to the marginal revenue cost.
In a purely competitive market , MRC equals the resource price. A firm in a competitive market that also uses factors of production sold in a competitive market can obtain all the resources that it wants at a constant market price and it can produce all that it wants to sell at the market price for the product.
Therefore, the quantity demanded depends only on the resource price. For firms that produce products in an imperfectly competitive market monopolistic competition, oligopoly, or monopoly , a firm can only sell more output by decreasing the price of its products. However, if the firm lowers its price on a specific product, then it must lower its price for all those products that it produces. Hence the demand curve for imperfect competition declines faster than for pure competition because of both declining marginal product and declining product price.
Because the marginal revenue product declines with additional units of variable resources using fixed assets, the demand for resources is also downward sloping. If an additional worker can only produce 9 widgets, then the 2 workers together can produce 19 widgets. The MRP curve equals the firm's resource demand curve. The Pauper's Money Book shows how you can manage your money to greatly increase your standard of living.
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