What is valentine day history

what is valentine day history

Valentine's Day

Feb 10, The history of Valentines Dayand the story of its patron saintis shrouded in mystery. We do know that February has long been celebrated as . Feb 14, Valentines Day, also called St. Valentines Day, holiday (February 14) when lovers express their affection with greetings and gifts. Given their similarities, it has been suggested that the holiday has origins in the Roman festival of Lupercalia, held in mid-February.

Love it or hate it, it happens every year. Just about as soon as the calendars turn over, love is in the air and the shopping centers. Some couples really go all out; getting a table for two at a white tablecloth restaurant and undoubtedly picking out the perfect last-minute Valentine's Day gift to show their devotion.

Others might prefer to go low-key or ignore the holiday altogether. Valentine the holiday technically celebrates, according to History. The Catholic church has records of at least three different martyrs named Valentine or Valentinus.

One of them, a priest in third century Rome, defied the emperor Claudius when he decided to outlaw marriage for young men. Valentine continued performing marriage ceremonies for the lovers in secret, and Claudius had him killed for it when he found out. Another Valentine supposedly helped Christians escape from prison, and was also martyred for it. Whichever saint the holiday memorializes, we generally agree he was kind, heroic and most importantly, very much pro-love.

During the festival, Roman priests visited the cave where Romululs and Remus were said to have been raised by a she-wolf, and sacrifice a goat for fertility and a dog for purification, according to Encyclopedia Britannica. They then dipped the hide in the blood and went around town smacking women and crop fields with it, to encourage fertility in the what is valentine day history year.

Women also placed strips of paper with their names in a giant urn, as part of the celebration. Eligible bachelors drew names out of the urn, and those they chose would become their partner for the year. Many of those matches ended up married. At the end of the fifth century, the pope declared the holiday un-Christian, and replaced it with St.

The oldest known valentine that still exists today was a poem written in by Charles, Duke of Orleans, to his wife while he was imprisoned in the Tower of London following his capture at the Battle of Agincourt. People who need some throwback what are these bumps on the roof of my mouth letter advice can still view it at the British Library in London.

In the s, improvements in printing technology made exchanging cards even easier albeit a little less personalwith the advent of pre-printed cards. Postage got more affordable around that time what is a tiger grant, which also contributed.

At that time, Nelson says, cards were often a little off-color, frequently including sexual innuendo that might even make grandma blush today. Americans likely began exchanging handmade cards in the early s, but a woman named Esther A.

Howland really changed the game in when she began selling the first mass-produced cards in the country. Women purchase approximately 85 percent of all valentines. Product Reviews. Minecraft pe how to make a online server Ideas. United States. Type keyword s to search. Today's Top Stories. What Is Thin Privilege? Getty Images. You may be able to find the same content in another format, or you may be able to find more information, at their web site.

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The timing offsets an ancient Pagan holiday

Valentines Day Each year on February 14, people exchange cards, candy or flowers with their special valentine. St. Valentines Day is named for a Christian martyr and dates back to the 5th. Aug 07, History of Valentine's Day. Valentines Day Quotations. St. Valentines Day Massacre. This Day In History: 02/14/ - Valentine's Day Massacre. 7 Things You Didn't Know About Valentine's Day.

Given their similarities, it has been suggested that the holiday has origins in the Roman festival of Lupercalia , held in mid-February.

The festival, which celebrated the coming of spring, included fertility rites and the pairing off of women with men by lottery. At the end of the 5th century, Pope Gelasius I forbid the celebration of Lupercalia and is sometimes attributed with replacing it with St. It is also called St. The holiday has expanded to express affection between relatives and friends. Other accounts hold that it was St. Valentine of Terni , a bishop, for whom the holiday was named, though it is possible that the two saints were actually one person.

In the Philippines , it is the most common wedding anniversary. In many schools, it has become customary for young students to bring in Valentines to swap with classmates. Learn more. Although there were several Christian martyrs named Valentine, the day may have taken its name from a priest who was martyred about ce by the emperor Claudius II Gothicus.

Valentine of Terni, a bishop, for whom the holiday was named, though it is possible the two saints were actually one person. Another common legend states that St.

It is for this reason that his feast day is associated with love. Formal messages, or valentines , appeared in the s, and by the late s commercially printed cards were being used.

The first commercial valentines in the United States were printed in the mids. Valentines commonly depict Cupid , the Roman god of love, along with hearts, traditionally the seat of emotion. Because it was thought that the avian mating season begins in mid-February, birds also became a symbol of the day. Traditional gifts include candy and flowers , particularly red roses , a symbol of beauty and love. The day is popular in the United States as well as in Britain , Canada , and Australia , and it is also celebrated in other countries, including Argentina , France , Mexico , and South Korea.

In the Philippines it is the most common wedding anniversary, and mass weddings of hundreds of couples are not uncommon on that date. The holiday has expanded to expressions of affection among relatives and friends. Many schoolchildren exchange valentines with one another on this day. Valentine's Day. Videos Images.

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Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree See Article History.

Children gathering around the valentine mailbox in their classroom. Top Questions. Watch a researcher explain the biological and psychological processes of how love works. A psychologist discusses his research into the biological and psychological processes involved in love relationships. American Valentine's Day card, c. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Subscribe Now. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. Lupercalia , ancient Roman festival that was conducted annually on February 15 under the superintendence of a corporation of priests called Luperci.

Gelasius I , ; feast day November 21 , pope from to Succeeding St. History at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Day , every day in your inbox! Email address. By signing up, you agree to our Privacy Notice. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox.

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