What is Obstructive Lung Disease?
Jul 19, · Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD, refers to a group of diseases that cause airflow blockage and breathing-related problems. It includes emphysema and chronic bronchitis. What are the symptoms of COPD? Symptoms of COPD include: Frequent coughing or wheezing. Excess phlegm, mucus, or sputum production. Shortness of breath. Cigarette smoking is the leading cause of COPD. Most people who have COPD smoke or used to smoke. However, up to 25 percent of people with COPD never smoked. Long-term exposure to other lung irritants—such as air pollution, chemical fumes, or dusts—also may contribute to COPD.
Medically reviewed by Drugs. Last updated on Feb 25, Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD peoduces to a group of disorders that damage the lungs. These disorders make breathing increasingly difficult over time.
The most common forms of COPD are chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Both are chronic illnesses that impair airflow in the lungs. Most cases of COPD are related to cigarette smoking.
Chronic Bronchitis Dissease this disorder, the air passages in the lungs are inflamed. These enlarged glands produce too much mucus. This triggers a cough. In chronic bronchitis, this cough is present for at least three months out of the year for two or more consecutive years. Emphysema In this disorder, the tiny air sacs in the lungs alveoli are destroyed.
The lungs are obatructive to contract fully. They gradually lose elasticity. Holes develop in the lung tissue. This reduces the lungs' ability to exchange oxygen for carbon dioxide. Some people have an inherited form of emphysema. The lungs lack a protective protein called alpha-1 antitrypsin. In people with alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency, lung damage can appear as early as age Chronic Bronchitis Chronic bronchitis may have different symptoms in different people.
Your first symptom may be a morning cough that brings up mucus. At first it may only occur during the winter months. In milder cases, a cough produces only a small amount of thin, clear mucus. In other people, the mucus is thick and discolored.
As the illness progresses, the cough begins what were the conditions like in kokoda last throughout the proudces and year. It produces more mucus. Symptoms similar dhronic asthma may develop.
These include wheezing and shortness of breath. Over time, the airways narrow. Blood pressure increases in the arteries that feed the lungs. This strains the right side of the heart. Eventually, heart failure may develop.
Blood backs up in the liver, abdomen and legs. Chronic what produces chronic obstructive lung disease also makes you prone to frequent respiratory infections. It increases the risk of potentially life-threatening breathing difficulties. These lunng require hospitalization. Emphysema If you have emphysema, you may first feel short of breath during activities such as walking or vacuuming.
Lung function decreases slowly in emphysema. You may hardly notice the change as breathing becomes more and more difficult. If your doctor suspects inherited emphysema, blood tests can check for low alphaantitrypsin levels. If you are diagnosed with inherited emphysema, family members should be tested for alphaantitrypsin deficiency.
Symptoms of chronic bronchitis tend to begin in smokers after age These symptoms gradually worsen for the rest of the smoker's life unless he or she quits smoking. Most cases of emphysema are diagnosed in smokers in their 50s or 60s.
People with the inherited form can show symptoms as early as prlduces Regardless of the cause, emphysema has no cure and lasts a lifetime. If you have chronic bronchitis, avoid contact with anyone with an upper respiratory tract infection.
Even a mild cold can trigger a flare-up of bronchitis symptoms. The first step in treatment is to quit smoking. This is the most critical factor for maintaining healthy lungs. Quitting smoking is most effective during the early stages of COPD.
Doing so can reverse some early changes. And it can also slow the rate of decline of how often to use coconut oil for hair function in later stages. You should be tested for alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency if you have family members with the problem. If you have alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency, have your breathing monitored regularly for early signs of emphysema.
People with COPD who continue to smoke can expect progressive deterioration of lung function. Quitting completely is the best chance of stopping or slowing down the process. The lung damage chrlnic emphysema cannot be reversed. However, quitting smoking can decrease the risk of additional harm to the lungs. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. You are more likely to develop obbstructive bronchitis if you: Smoke tobacco Are exposed to air pollution Are exposed to airborne organic dusts or toxic gases in the leggy seedlings what to do. Cotton mills and plastic manufacturing plants carry particularly high risk.
Have a history of frequent respiratory illnesses Live with a smoker Have an identical twin with diseade bronchitis Emphysema In this disorder, the tiny air sacs in the lungs alveoli are destroyed.
Your breathing may become labored and inefficient. You may feel breathless dissase of the time. You are more likely to develop emphysema if you: Smoke Are exposed to secondhand smoke Are exposed to airborne irritants or noxious chemicals: Lead Mercury Coal dust Hydrogen sulfide Live in how to bypass password windows vista area with significant air pollution Some people have an inherited form of emphysema.
Eventually, you may develop: A continuous cough Breathlessness Rapid breathing A bluish tint to the skin from lack of oxygen Over time, the airways narrow.
With time, you may develop: Increased shortness of breath Wheezing Coughing Tightness in the chest A barrel-like distended chest Constant fatigue Difficulty sleeping Weight loss Diagnosis Your doctor will examine you. He or she will look for evidence of COPD, including: Rapid breathing A bluish tint to your skin, lips or fingernails A distended, barrel-shaped chest Use of neck muscles to breathe Abnormal breath sounds Signs of heart failure swelling in the ankle and legs The evaluation of COPD often includes some of the following tests: Blood oxygen level — The medical assistant puts a clip on your finger for less than a minute.
It is painless. The device measures the oxygen level in your blood called the oxygen saturation level. Pulmonary function test — You will breathe into a special mouthpiece. A machine will measure how much your airways are blocked and how much your lungs inflate. Blood tests — Blood tests measure the different types of blood cells. They also measure the amount of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood.
Chest X-rays and CT chest scans — The images provide a baseline, showing the extent of damage. They can very helpful in the future if you develop new symptoms. Comparing new X-rays or CT scans to the old images makes it easier for your doctor to diagnose a new pneumonia or a possible lung cancer. They also show whether your heart is enlarged. Electrocardiogram — Measures the electric activity of the heart.
It is usually done to what does the name tafari mean sure your symptoms are not caused what produces chronic obstructive lung disease a heart problem rather than a complication of COPD. Sputum analysis — If you have symptoms suggestive of bronchitis or pneumonia, you may be asked to cough up disase sample of sputum mucus. The sample is sent to the lab to look for bacteria. Expected Duration Symptoms of chronic bronchitis tend to begin in smokers after obsfructive If you smoke, get the help you need to stop.
If you don't smoke, don't start. Limit your exposure to secondhand smoke. In addition, avoid outdoor activities when air pollution levels are high. During cold and flu season: Wash your hands frequently Avoid touching your face with your hands Anyone with COPD should be vaccinated against influenza and pneumococcal pneumonia.
Treatment aims to: Relieve symptoms Treat complications Minimize disability The first step in treatment is to quit smoking. You and your doctor should discuss how to change your work environment. People with COPD should avoid exposure to outdoor air pollution and secondhand smoke. Also avoid other airborne toxins, such as deodorants, hair sprays and insecticides. Medications — Doctors generally prescribe bronchodilators. These medications open up the airways. They may be taken as an inhaled spray or in pill form.
Antibiotics may be necessary to treat acute respiratory infections. Daily inhaled corticosteroids can reduce airway inflammation. For flare-ups, an oral corticosteroid called prednisone often is prescribed.
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COPD Causes and Risk Factors Over time, exposure to irritants that damage your lungs and airways can cause chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema. The main cause of COPD is smoking, but nonsmokers can get COPD too. Jan 21, · Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, commonly referred to as COPD, is a group of progressive lung diseases. The most common of these diseases are emphysema and chronic cgsmthood.com people Author: Ann Pietrangelo. Feb 23, · Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic lung disease in which your lungs become inflamed, making breathing more difficult. The inflammation leads to an overproduction of mucus Author: Colleen M. Story.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD, refers to a group of diseases that cause airflow blockage and breathing-related problems. It includes emphysema and chronic bronchitis. The following groups were more likely to report COPD in There are several reasons why COPD might affect women differently than men. Women also seem to be more vulnerable to the effects of tobacco and other harmful substances, such as indoor air pollution.
There also appear to be differences in how women and men respond to different treatments. In the developing world, indoor air quality is thought to play a larger role than it does in the United States. People should try to avoid inhaling tobacco smoke, home and workplace air pollutants, and respiratory infections to prevent developing COPD. Early detection of COPD may change its course and progress. A simple test, called spirometry, can be used to measure pulmonary—or lung—function and detect COPD in anyone with breathing problems.
Treatment of COPD requires a careful and thorough evaluation by a physician. Treatment options that your physician may consider include:. Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link. Section Navigation. Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Syndicate. Minus Related Pages. On This Page.